Unlike other gemstones mined from earth, pearls are grown by live oysters below the surface of the sea.
The creation of a pearl starts with a foreign object, such as sand, ending up inside of the oyster.
The oyster then starts to secrete nacre (also known as mother of pearl) around the object layer by layer to protect itself.
Mother of Pearl
Mother of pearl, or nacre, is a crystalline substance consisting of microscopic crystals of calcium carbonate. When the crystals align perfectly with one another, you get an amazing rainbow of light and color.
Inserting the nucleus: A human surgically implants a round shell piece inside the oyster
Back to the water: The Oyster is returned to the sea or river where it feeds and lives while secreting nacre around the nucleus.
Oyster care: The Oyster is lifted from the water for cleaning and health care.
Some years later... The oyster is lifted from the water and the pearl is surgically removed from inside of the oyster.
Why are pearls so valuable?
TIME: They are in a way gemstones and it takes years for an oyster to create a perfect pearl.
PERFECTION: It takes time and effort to find pearls that are exactly the same shape and color for just one
PROFESSIONAL SKILL: Only pearl technicians can place the nucleus inside an oyster without killing it. Caring for oysters requires professionalism.
FEATURES : The type, size, color, gloss, and shape of the pearl affect its price.